The European Court of Human Rights was established in 1959. Its role is to rule on violations of the civil and political rights guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights adopted in 1950 by the Council of Europe. Since its creation, the Court, currently presided by Italian judge Guido Raimondi, has handled 900,000 appeals and has handed down close to 22,000 judgements. The 47 judges of the Court ensure that Human Rights are respected, benefiting the 800 million Europeans from the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe. With its iconic architecture, the Human Rights Building designed by Richard Rogers has been home to the Court since 1995 and is a landmark on the European landscape of Strasbourg.